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Probiotics and Disease: A Comprehensive Summary-Part 8, Gastrointestinal and Genitourinary Disorders

Cathleen M Burns, MS, RD; Keren E Dolan, MS; Heather J Finley, MS, RD, LS, CEDRD; Margaret G Gasta, MS, RDN, CCN; Crystal M Gossard, MS, CNS; Elizabeth A Lipski, PhD, CNS, CCN, BCHN, IFMCP; Emily C Parker, MS, RD; Jessica M Pizano, MS, CNS; Christy B Williamson, MS, CNS

This article series provides a literature review of the disease-specific probiotic strains associated with gastrointestinal and genitourinary disorders studied in published clinical trials in humans and animals. This is not an exhaustive review. The table design allows for quick access to supportive data and will be helpful as a guide for both researchers and clinicians. The goal of the probiotics and disease series is to provide clinically useful tools. The first article (part 1) focused on mental health and neurological conditions; the second article (part 2) explored cultured and fermented foods that are commonly available in the United States; the third article (part 3) explored the relationship between bacterial strains and 2 of the most prevalent diseases we have in modern society: cardiometabolic disease and fatigue syndromes; the fourth article (part 4) elucidated the role of the microbiome in infectious diseases; the fifth article (part 5) explored respiratory conditions of the ears, nose, and throat; and the sixth article (part 6) explored the relationship between beneficial microbiota and skin disorders. The seventh article (part 7) reviewed the relationship between beneficial microbiota and autoimmune diseases, allergies, asthma, and other immunity-related disorders. This article (part 8) will explore the unique relationship between bacterial strains and gastrointestinal and genitourinary diseases associated with dysbiosis. Future articles will review the influence of the microbiome on cancer development and prognosis, followed by an article focused on probiotic supplements. This literature review is specific to disease condition, probiotic classification, and individual strain.

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